Multidisciplinarity, Interdisciplinarity and Transdisciplinarity in AphasiaName : Annamaria Gyorfi
Affliation : Head of PROFEX English for Medical Purposes (EMP)
University : University Of Medicine And Pharmacy
Country : Romania
Aphasia, also known as aphemia, is an acquired language impairment, which appears as a consequence of an underlying disease (cerebral vascular accident, encephalitis, brain tumour, etc.) that causes dysfunction in a particular part of the brain. Usually, we speak about damage to Broca's area or Wernicke's area. Aphasia sometimes may improve without therapy, but in most of the cases, a complex therapeutic approach is needed to reduce the psychosocial impact of this condition, which is rather significant. The successful treatment of aphasia requires teamwork.
The global incidence of aphasia is rather high. That is the reason why when it comes to aphasia specialists and researchers consider multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity.
Multidisciplinarity means teamwork of different disciplines that draw on knowledge from each other but stay within their boundaries without allowing change or development from other disciplines.
Interdisciplinarity is the combination of knowledge/branches of knowledge and methods from different academic disciplines into one pursuit by crossing boundaries, and thinking across them.
Transdisciplinarity, which is a relatively new term, refers to the joint efforts of researchers from different disciplines working together to create a unity of intellectual frameworks that goes beyond discipline-specific approaches to address a common problem.
We aimed to establish the meaning of multidisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity in terms of aphasia and the relevance of multiple disciplinary teamwork in researching aphasia.
Biography: Annamaria Gyorfi is the Head of PROFEX English for Medical Purposes (EMP), Accredited Examination Site in University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu Mures Romania. She researched aphasic patients on spontaneous speech during her Ph. D. Studies. At the Department of Psycholinguistics, ELTE in Budapest, Hungary. She then transferred to Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Romania, to finish her Ph. D. studies on Aphasia from the linguist point of view. She is one of the founding members of the Standardized Language Certificate For Medical Purposes (STANDEM) Consortium. She is also an item writer, EMP Accredited Examiner and Trainer.