Prevalence of sleep disorders among young people of CasablancaName : Dr. Fouzia Kadiri
Affliation : Head of ENT Department
University : Mohamed V Hospital
Country : Casablanca (Morocco).
Adolescence is a period of growth and since the growth hormone is secreted at night, the need for sleep increases. Paradoxically, secretion of melatonin is delayed among adolescents, and its school and social constraints (social networks, video games) shorten sleep nights.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of sleep disorders among young of Casablanca, to identify the influence of general factors on the prevalence of sleep disorders and to identify the influence of sleep disorders on cognitive functions.
It is a cross-sectional epidemiological study among young people aged between 12 and 22 in 2014 at the 5-school level of Casablanca. A questionnaire was completed by students, including information on life hygiene, sleep disorders and cognitive impairment.
A total of 266 students responded to the questionnaire. Among them, 61% have at least 2 electronic devices in their room, 81% use their computer or watch TV before sleeping, 53% feel they have a sleep disorder, 33.4% have excessive daytime drowsiness, 4.5% have a delayed sleep phase syndrome and 25% of adolescents aged 15 sleep less than 7 h/night. All young people suffering from phase delay syndromes have at least 2 electronics equipments in their room. The lack of energy is found in 75% of youth with sleep disorders, and the concentration disorders are found in 63% of them.
Conclusion: Sleep disorders are frequent among young of Casablanca, 53% complain of sleep disorders, 33.4% have excessive daytime drowsiness and 4.5% have a phase delay syndrome. Poor living hygiene and inappropriate use of electronic equipment increase the risk of sleeping disorders. On the other hand, sleep debt in young people is responsible for cognitive impairment, which is why a youth awareness program on sleep hygiene has been put in place at Casablanca.
Dr. Fouzia Kadiri,
Specialist in Otorhinolaryngology (Bordeaux, 1986), in Sleep and Pathology of Sleep (Paris, 2009), in Medical Psychology (Casablanca, 2011).
Head of the ORL Service Mohamed V Casablanca Hospital since 1995. Former teacher at the Sultan International Institute of Practical Otology in Paris. Facilitator of workshops and conferences. Expert in prevention and road safety. Head of the Regional Sleep Center since 2010. Founding President of the Moroccan Association of Sleep and Vigilance from 2010 to 2015 and President of the Moroccan Society of Sleep and Vigilance since 2015. Organizer of national annual congresses in 2011/2012 / 2013 / 2014,2015, Maghreb congress in 2016, French congress in 2017 and international congress planned for 2018. Author of several books; "Sleep and its pathologies", "SAOS of the child; what management, "" insomnia, new classification and diagnostic tools, "" drowsiness and driving. " Having participated in the development of several studies and researches; "Sleep habits among young Casablancans", "prevalence of delayed sleep phase syndrome in adolescents", "dangerous drugs for driving", "interest in road safety, awareness of disorders sleep in professional drivers: SID program "," Behavior of young road users ".